Augmented Reality (AR) can help people mitigate natural disasters with compelling visual effects.
Post-disaster rehabilitation is possible with AR by “augmenting” real-world disaster scenarios through multiple sensory modalities to aid disaster preparedness, mitigation, response and recovery.
A disaster, man-made or natural, wreaks havoc in thousands of lives. The disruption created is a difficult task to manage, and disaster management agencies are always looking for better and more effective ways to mitigate damage and help with reconstruction and restoration. Rehabilitation and post-disaster recovery include strategies that aim to restore daily infrastructure services while providing medical assistance to the injured. So far, most of the post-disaster rehabilitation activities have been carried out without any major technology involvement. Although effective, this approach has not been able to maximize damage control efforts. Researchers and disaster management organizations have therefore turned to technologies like AR to harness their full potential while trying to get things back to normal after a disaster.
Post-disaster rehabilitation measures with AR
Most of the measures taken for post-disaster rehabilitation consist of providing basic and medical facilities to those affected by the disaster.
Medical facilities are an essential part of the disaster mitigation program. AR headsets can effectively explain topics such as first aid training, safety precautions, and the ability to survive extreme situations like floods or droughts only through word of mouth. In inaccessible areas that can restrict the reach of these services due to technical issues, AR-powered devices help reach a wider audience and train people with live demonstrations of techniques that can be used to assist them. themselves and others.
Government agencies and rehabilitation personnel, who assist in the rescue process, may use helmets and AR equipment for training. By creating scenarios that closely resemble the consequences of a calamity, rescuers can be exceptionally well trained. AR software, along with drone technology, has also been able to help pilots navigate affected areas and detect people trapped under the debris. Training people to identify safe areas, find escape routes, or access a nearby rehabilitation center is another way AR can help with disaster recovery.
Post-disaster reconstruction measures with AR
Geographic reconstruction is an important part of post-disaster recovery. Government agencies, as well as disaster relief teams, are looking for ways to implement land use planning and landscaping options with technologies such as AR.
AR can also aid in the recovery of natural and man-made ecosystems after a disaster. Disaster-prone regions can use AR to find the epicenter of a disaster or areas most susceptible to damage. This knowledge can be used proactively in urban planning and construction to reduce or even avoid the damage caused by disasters. The Holistic Distributed Emergency Management Information System (THEMIS) is one such system that provides intelligent tools for disaster rescue and crisis management operations. AR, combined with other technologies, improves the reach and scalability of the applications mentioned above. Analysts working with the companies involved and investing in disaster relief teams can further refine the AR software, increasing the collaboration and reach of technology and personnel in post-disaster rehabilitation.