Hanoi (VNS / VNA) – Ca Mau Province is taking action to mitigate the impacts of increasing erosion and other natural disasters.
The country’s southernmost province – the hardest hit by climate change – has lost some 4,900 ha of coastal forests over the past 10 years to high tides and disasters.
The loss of forests has aggravated erosion.
On the eastern coast, where there is no dike, the erosion situation is severe.
Without a dike, the coast could lose 200 ha of land per year, according to local authorities.
In certain regions, erosion reached 80 to 100 meters, affecting infrastructure along the coast and the Ho Chi Minh Highway.
Erosion and loss of coastal forests is expected to worsen through the end of the year due to the northeast monsoon which will cause seawater to increase.
In recent years, the province has mobilized funds from various sources to build more than 40 km of dikes on the west coast, preventing erosion and regenerating mangrove forests.
But 16 km of coastline still face a serious threat of erosion.
This year, erosion has occurred three times along a total length of 1.9 km of coastline and 149 times along rivers covering 3.03 km.
Natural disasters damaged 7,500 ha of crops, mainly rice, 500 ha of aquaculture and 846 houses, flooding 572 and flattening 104 others.
Authorities said they were seeking to speed up construction of resettlement projects to relocate households living in disaster-prone areas.
The province is also taking steps to help people living in coastal regions adapt to climate change ensuring sustainable livelihoods by teaching them effective models of fishing and aquaculture. /.