Union Minister of State (independent office) Science and Technology; Minister of State (Independent Charge) Earth Sciences; MoS PMO, Staff, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh said today that India has taken the lead in the Asian continent to provide weather and climate services to South Asian countries, from Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
Addressing a galaxy of leaders, administrators, scientists and scholars on the 147th day of the founding of the Indian Meteorological Department here, Dr Jitendra Singh said that the extreme weather forecasts provided to many countries since 2016 under PM Modi have come a long way and proved helpful for countries like Nepal and Bangladesh in battling severe weather disasters. Referring to ISRO’s SAARC satellite, the Minister said that in the coming days, IMD will reorient its weather and climate services in the most modern way to meet global needs.
Dr. Jitendra Singh said the Ministry of Earth Sciences will widely deploy and use drone-based observation technology to strengthen localized predictions, in addition to adopting high-resolution models. He stressed that the language used in forecasts and information would be made easy to understand and serve as a clear basis for action by every citizen.
Dr. Jitendra Singh said the government is committed to making the Indian Meteorological Department a world-class organization for better service delivery that enables an ordinary man to make decisions about weather and climate. He said that every commune is affected by 5 vital sectors of agriculture, health, water, energy and disaster management which are effectively supported by IMD.
Shri RK Mathur, Lieutenant Governor, UT of Ladhakh, Shri Jamyang Tsering Namgyal, MP, Ladhakh, Dr.M. Ravichandran, Secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Chairman, ISRO Dr. K, Sivan, Dr. M. Mohapatra, DG, IMD, Dr. SD Attri, Scientist G and Chairman, Organizing Committee, Ex. DGMs and Other retired IMD officials and directors of MoES institutes, guest dignitaries, officers and scientists took part in the ceremony.
Dr. Jitendra Singh has dedicated four Doppler weather radars in Leh, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai to the nation for better research and operational analysis. He announced that with today’s inauguration, the number of radars in the IMD network has reached 33 and urged IMD to make efficient use of all the resources at its disposal, i.e. satellites, radars, computers, advanced models and human resources. The minister said the increase in modern observing platforms such as automatic weather stations, Doppler weather radars and weather satellites will help to further improve weather and climate services.
Referring to an improvement of about 20 to 40 per cent in the accuracy of severe weather warnings by IMD over the past five years compared to the previous five years, said Dr Jitendra Singh, forecasts of high temperatures and heat waves well in advance led to a significant reduction in the number of deaths. due to the heat wave of the following years. He called on all agencies to zero heat-related deaths in the coming year.
Dr. Jitendra Singh said that IMD has embarked on upgrading and digitizing several of its departments and the results are evident in the form of near accurate predictions in a short period of time, forecasting in advance of cyclones and their paths, the expansion of sector-specific meteorological services. to agriculture, water, health, electricity, energy, mining, disaster risk reduction and many other areas. The Minister extended his greetings to all the officers and staff of Indian Meteorological Department and Ministry of Earth Sciences and all meteorological fraternity on Foundation Day and Makar Sankranti.
Dr Jitendra Singh said Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s scientific temperament and outlook has proved a boon in upgrading the country’s weather and climate forecasting services, as well as providing the latest IT capabilities and infrastructure. He pointed out that in November 2021, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, headed by the Prime Minister, approved Rs 2,135 crore for the continuation of Atmospheric and Climate Research Modeling Observation Systems and Services (ACROSS). The Minister said that under this program, eight sub-programs will be implemented from 2021 to 2026 and that IMD will mainly contribute to five sub-programs – upgrade of forecasting systems, weather and climate services, atmospheric observation network, study of the monsoon and clouds. , and the commissioning of Doppler polarimetric weather radars in the country.
Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated the new platform as a crowd seeking public observation collection, opening a new chapter in citizen science, which will serve as a bridge between science and society. He said that the web GIS services launched by IMD today will be very useful for the public, disaster managers and stakeholders to initiate rapid response action to further mitigate disasters and stressed that Impact-based predictions published by IMD help minimize loss of life and property.
Dr Jitendra Singh said that recent extreme events have reminded us of our society’s vulnerability to weather-, climate- and water-related disasters and these have greatly increased society’s expectations for better services. weather and climate thanks to the accurate forecasts provided by the IMD in recent years. pass. Emphasizing that India’s cyclone forecasts have been appreciated by national and international bodies, the Minister noted with satisfaction that IMD has prepared a district-level vulnerability atlas for extreme conditions such as heat waves. , cold spells, heavy rains, cyclones and thunderstorms. “I am sure that the atlas will help disaster management authorities to assess the risks based on the information collected over the years,” he added.
Dr. Jitendra Singh congratulated all the awardees who have performed their duty with dedication and for the betterment of meteorological science and services despite the COVID-19 pandemic. He also commended the students who massively participated in the weather and climate competitions held during Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.
Dr. M. Ravichandran, Secretary of the Ministry of Earth Sciences, said in his address that IMD has established an effective mechanism for disseminating weather and climate forecasts to different stakeholders using different communication channels like internet ( websites and emails), newspapers, television, radio, mobile and direct telephone links with relevant control rooms and relevant government officials. He also informed that IMD has developed mobile applications and effectively uses social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Whatsapp for large-scale dissemination of weather information and its block-level Agromet notices are used effectively by million farmers at different stages of farming and the service is being expanded.
Dr. M. Mohapatra, DG, IMD said that flash floods and urban flooding in recent years have posed new threats to society and IMD has taken adequate measures such as installation of Doppler weather radars in the hilly areas of the Western Himalayas and in major cities like Delhi, Mumbai. and Chenai. He said, IMD plans to implement such speed cameras in other cities and states in the Northeast over the next 5 years. He added that it has an urban flood warning system for Chennai and Mumbai and a flash flood guidance system for 30,000 river basins in the country.
IMD has a heritage of keeping weather and climate records and monitoring and forecasting the weather since its inception 147 years ago on January 15, 1875 in the context of the tropical cyclone that struck Calcutta in 1864 and the famines that followed in 1866 and 1871 due to the failure of the monsoon. During its 147 years of existence, the department has served the cause of security and welfare of the people of India against the vagaries of weather and the economic development of the country. It is one of the few government departments whose services touch almost every aspect of life and in every sector of the economy.
(With GDP entries)