As natural disasters continue to increase, the threat to life and property around the world also continues to grow. In fact, each year the United States averages about 10,000 thunderstorms, 5,000 floods, 1,300 tornadoes and two Atlantic hurricanes, along with widespread droughts and wildfires, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
These annual weather events cause an average of $ 15 billion in damage per year and about 650 deaths, according to NOAA estimates. All the steps we can take as a society to access real-time data and improve situational awareness to mitigate the effects of natural disasters by acting sooner are essential for the survival of our planet and its people. .
Using technology to prepare for floods and prevent disasters
In the United States alone, 23.7 million properties are at risk of flooding, according to FEMA. With such staggering data, it’s important to put technologies and analytics in place to reduce potential damage and stay ahead of the threat of recurring floods as they evolve.
This is essential when you consider how quickly water levels are rising with little to no warning. IoT solutions incorporating Low Power Wide Area Networks (LPWA) and data analytics solutions can address these complex challenges head-on.
In addition to the preparations undertaken by communities to enforce zoning, flood planning and construction regulations, the deployment of environmental sensors and analytics to measure wind, water levels and tides is an excellent one. way to better understand the environment and the reaction of certain areas to heavy rains and winds.
The real-time data that comes from deploying these sensors can give community leaders a much deeper insight into identifying problem areas, enable them to act sooner to protect infrastructure and the community, and help them correct problems in the future.
Coupled with funds put in place to ensure collective security during these events, IoT-enabled flood sensor networks provide visibility into real-time data on when and where roads are flooded, how deep the water is. water and changing conditions. While IoT solutions don’t have the power to stop flooding in their entirety, real-time data monitoring can help communities reduce response time to minimize costly damage.
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Cities can use IoT to monitor air pollution
Air pollution has a negative impact on the health of people living around the world. It also costs the United States about 5% of its annual gross domestic product in damages of nearly $ 800 billion, according to Stanford University.
As air pollution correlates with a wide range of medical conditions and environmental issues, it is important for communities to implement monitoring solutions that include sensors and gateways integrated with long-range and low-range IoT technology. energy consumption, an intelligent LPWA network and advanced analytics. . With these technologies in place, communities can better measure air quality and provide the kind of data needed to drive change for their citizens.
Using these air pollution monitoring systems, gateways can send information about local air pollution to networks where the streaming data can then be analyzed in real time to identify areas of concern and provide recommendations.
With real-time information on air quality levels in a community, including alerts and pollution patterns, these IoT solutions can also measure the effectiveness of air quality programs in real time to that local authorities can replicate or improve programs in other problem areas. Funding for grants and activities related to air quality monitoring is an essential step towards the prevention, reduction and control of air pollution during natural disasters and other harmful events affecting the air we breathe.
States, local governments and tribes must have plans in place to prepare for and respond to the complex challenges affecting communities across the country. Natural disasters can destroy businesses and homes and put citizens at risk.
American Rescue Plan Act funds could enable communities to invest in emergency response technologies such as IoT-enabled sensors and advanced analytics, which provide real-time insight on how to prevent and respond to the effects of local, national and global disasters.
Investing in emerging technologies as part of preparedness plans not only helps move communities away from danger, but also ensures that those affected are properly cared for.
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